Types of HVAC systems and their Functionality

HVAC stands for Heating, Ventilation and Cooling systems. There are four types of HVAC systems:

  1. Split systems
  2. Hybrid systems
  3. Duct-free systems
  4. Packaged heating and air systems

All types of system have their advantages and drawbacks. Today we will help you decide which system is best for your needs.

Heating and Cooling Split Systems

These cooling and heating systems are the most common types of systems that are installed by people usually in their homes. These systems have two split units. One unit is for cooling and one unit is for heating purposes. This system contains both outdoor and indoor units. The cooling unit has compressor, refrigerant and coils which keep the air cool. These units throw out the hot air and keep the air in the room cool. This circulation of air keeps the temperatures low. These systems are common in domestic usage. There is also a heating unit that runs on gas. A fan or an evaporator is used to circulate the air around the house. It has a thermostat that keeps check on the temperature. These systems also come with purifiers and humidifiers to keep the atmosphere of the house comfortable.

Hybrid Split System

These systems have some commonalities to the split systems with some differences. It curtails less energy costs as compared to other heating and cooling systems. This is made possible due to it’s electric hybrid heating systems that sets it apart from all other HVAC systems. It can run on both gas and power. It can quickly switch between both modes of operation. People can decide how they want to run their systems according to their needs. It also uses a thermostat to control temperature and has the same functionalities as to a split system but with extra functionalities which will help people to reduce their energy usage and costs.

Duct Free (Mini-Split)

These systems are small systems that are installed on the walls of an area indoors. They have a compressor unit outdoors. They are usually used to cool one room. They provide the user with independent control. The installation of this system is costly, but they are easier to install. They are very beneficial to be used in hotels and such places. They can also be installed if a new building or room is added to the house. They are very good in reducing energy costs as rooms that do not require cooling will not be cooled or heated and the energy will not be wasted. These systems need consistent and intensive cleaning and maintenance.

Packaged heating and air systems

The system may be a contained heating and air unit, that’s stored within the house. It’s usually kept in an attic or top floor storage space and serves to provide both coolness and warmth. Its compact size makes it useful for smaller spaces or houses and allows it to be placed within the house if an exterior is not an option. These sorts of HVAC systems are also able to be very efficient, and simply maintained.

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